Senin, 30 Maret 2009

Civil and Environmental Engineering

Civil and Environmental Engineering

Civil engineering is a professional engineering discipline that deals with the design, construction and maintenance of the physical and naturally built environment, including works such as bridges, roads, canals, dams and buildings. Civil engineering is the oldest engineering discipline after military engineering, and it was defined to distinguish non-military engineering from military engineering. It is traditionally broken into several sub-disciplines including environmental engineering, geotechnical engineering, structural engineering, transportation engineering, municipal or urban engineering, water resources engineering, materials engineering, coastal engineering, surveying, and construction engineering. Civil engineering takes place on all levels: in the public sector from municipal through to federal levels, and in the private sector from individual homeowners through to international companies.

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Steel structure, seen from below.

Steel structure, seen from below.

Civil and environmental engineers are concerned with some of the most pressing problems of our world, including public infrastructure renewal, access to clean drinking water, environmental remediation and sustainable solutions to energy needs.

The CEE undergraduate program prepares students to face these tremendous challenges by providing a sound education in math, physics, and science and engineering fundamentals, all while emphasizing hands-on design projects and case studies that supply context and motivation. Students are taught how to combine theory, measurement and modeling to develop a good understanding of the problems at hand and point the way to desirable solutions.

The three CEE undergraduate degrees - civil engineering (1C) environmental engineering science (1E) and civil and environmental engineering degree (1A) - share a common core, usually taken in the sophomore year, that includes subjects in ecology, mechanics, mathematics and engineering design. In the junior and senior years, students build on the core by taking more specialized subjects in their chosen degree tracks.

The CEE engineering design lab sequence introduces sophomores to design and fabrication in a supportive team-oriented environment. The Classes of 2009 and 2010 designed and built energy-harvesting machines, for instance, a bicycle that harvests and stores the energy generated by the cyclist and a turbine that collects wind energy. Students in the senior engineering design class also design and build projects, including full-scale portable footbridges that can support a ton of concrete blocks.

Our departmental unit requirements are among the lowest in the School of Engineering, providing flexibility for students who wish to have a minor as well as a major, study abroad and pursue interests outside engineering.


Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering links

Visit the MIT Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering home page at:


Review the MIT Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering curriculum at:


Learn more about MIT Engineering:



Updated within the past 180 days

MIT Course #Course TitleTerm

1.00Introduction to Computers and Engineering Problem SolvingFall 2005

1.00Introduction to Computers and Engineering Problem SolvingSpring 2005

1.001Introduction to Computers and Engineering Problem SolvingFall 2005

1.010Computing and Data Analysis for Environmental ApplicationsFall 2003

1.010Uncertainty in EngineeringFall 2004

1.011Project EvaluationSpring 2005

1.012Introduction to Civil Engineering DesignSpring 2002

1.015JDesign of Systems Operating in Random EnvironmentsSpring 2006

1.017Computing and Data Analysis for Environmental ApplicationsFall 2003

1.018JFundamentals of EcologyFall 2003
NEW
1.020Ecology II: Engineering for SustainabilitySpring 2008

1.021JIntroduction to Modeling and SimulationSpring 2006

1.032Advanced Soil MechanicsFall 2004

1.033Mechanics of Material Systems: An Energy ApproachFall 2003

1.040Project ManagementSpring 2004

1.040Project ManagementSpring 2007

1.041JFrameworks and Models in Engineering Systems / Engineering System DesignSpring 2007

1.044JFundamentals of Energy in BuildingsFall 2003

1.050Solid MechanicsFall 2004

1.050Engineering Mechanics IFall 2007

1.051Structural Engineering DesignFall 2003

1.053JDynamics and Vibration (13.013J)Fall 2002

1.053JDynamics and Control IFall 2007

1.053JDynamics and Control ISpring 2007

1.054Mechanics and Design of Concrete StructuresSpring 2004

1.060Engineering Mechanics IISpring 2006

1.061Transport Processes in the EnvironmentFall 2004

1.081JChemicals in the Environment: Toxicology and Public Health (BE.104J)Spring 2005

1.084JSystems MicrobiologyFall 2006

1.101Introduction to Civil and Environmental Engineering Design IFall 2005

1.101Introduction to Civil and Environmental Engineering Design IFall 2006

1.103Civil Engineering Materials LaboratorySpring 2004

1.105Solid Mechanics LaboratoryFall 2003

1.361Advanced Soil MechanicsFall 2004

1.366Advanced Soil MechanicsFall 2004

1.401JProject ManagementSpring 2004

1.401JProject ManagementSpring 2007

1.541Mechanics and Design of Concrete StructuresSpring 2004

1.57Mechanics of Material Systems: An Energy ApproachFall 2003

1.61Transport Processes in the EnvironmentFall 2004

Updated within the past 180 days

MIT Course #Course TitleTerm

1.032Advanced Soil MechanicsFall 2004

1.033Mechanics of Material Systems: An Energy ApproachFall 2003

1.040Project ManagementSpring 2004

1.040Project ManagementSpring 2007

1.054Mechanics and Design of Concrete StructuresSpring 2004

1.061Transport Processes in the EnvironmentFall 2004

1.124JFoundations of Software EngineeringFall 2000

1.126JPattern Recognition and AnalysisFall 2006

1.128JComputational GeometrySpring 2003

1.130Wavelets, Filter Banks and ApplicationsSpring 2003
NEW
1.133Masters of Engineering Concepts of Engineering PracticeFall 2007

1.138JWave PropagationFall 2006

1.142JSystems Optimization: Models and Computation (SMA 5223)Spring 2004
NEW
1.145JEngineering Economy ModuleFall 2008
NEW
1.146Engineering Systems Analysis for DesignFall 2008

1.151Probability and Statistics in EngineeringSpring 2005

1.155Engineering Risk-Benefit AnalysisSpring 2007

1.201JIntroduction to Transportation SystemsFall 2006

1.203JLogistical and Transportation Planning MethodsFall 2004

1.203JLogistical and Transportation Planning MethodsFall 2006

1.206JAirline Schedule PlanningSpring 2003

1.212JAn Introduction to Intelligent Transportation SystemsSpring 2005

1.221JTransportation SystemsFall 2004

1.223JTransportation Policy, Strategy, and ManagementFall 2004

1.224JCarrier SystemsFall 2003

1.225JTransportation Flow SystemsFall 2002

1.234JAirline ManagementSpring 2006

1.252JUrban Transportation PlanningFall 2002

1.252JUrban Transportation PlanningFall 2006

1.253JTransportation Policy and Environmental LimitsSpring 2004

1.258JPublic Transportation Service and Operations PlanningSpring 2006

1.259JTransit ManagementFall 2006

1.260JLogistics SystemsFall 2006

1.264JDatabase, Internet, and Systems Integration TechnologiesFall 2006

1.273JSupply Chain Planning (SMA 6305)Spring 2005

1.274JManufacturing System and Supply Chain DesignSpring 2005

1.284JAnalyzing and Accounting for Regional Economic ChangeSpring 2004

1.284JAnalyzing & Accounting for Regional Economic ChangeSpring 2005

1.284JAnalyzing and Accounting for Regional Economic ChangeSpring 2006

1.285JRegional Socioeconomic Impact Analyses and ModelingFall 2003

1.285JRegional Socioeconomic Impact Analysis and ModelingFall 2004

1.285JRegional Socioeconomic Impact Analysis and ModelingFall 2005

1.285JRegional Socioeconomic Impact Analysis and ModelingFall 2006

1.322Soil BehaviorSpring 2005

1.34Waste Containment and Remediation TechnologySpring 2004

1.361Advanced Soil MechanicsFall 2004

1.364Advanced Geotechnical EngineeringFall 2003

1.366Advanced Soil MechanicsFall 2004

1.401JProject ManagementSpring 2004

1.401JProject ManagementSpring 2007

1.432JSystem and Project ManagementFall 2003

1.46Strategic Management in the Design and Construction Value ChainFall 2003

1.464E-Commerce and the Internet in Real Estate and ConstructionSpring 2004

1.541Mechanics and Design of Concrete StructuresSpring 2004

1.561Motion Based DesignFall 2003

1.56JStructural Mechanics in Nuclear Power TechnologyFall 2006

1.57Mechanics of Material Systems: An Energy ApproachFall 2003

1.571Structural Analysis and ControlSpring 2004

1.573JStructural Mechanics (13.10J)Fall 2002

1.61Transport Processes in the EnvironmentFall 2004

1.63Advanced Fluid Dynamics of the EnvironmentFall 2002

1.685JNonlinear Dynamics and WavesSpring 2007

1.72Groundwater HydrologyFall 2005

1.725JChemicals in the Environment: Fate and TransportFall 2004

1.731Water Resource SystemsFall 2006

1.76Aquatic ChemistryFall 2005

1.77Water Quality ControlSpring 2006

1.782Environmental Engineering Masters of Engineering ProjectFall 2003

1.814JSystems Perspectives on Industrial EcologySpring 2006

1.817JPlanning for Sustainable DevelopmentSpring 2006

1.818JSustainable EnergySpring 2005

1.818JSustainable EnergyJanuary (IAP) 2007

1.85Water and Wastewater Treatment EngineeringSpring 2006

1.851JWater and Sanitation Infrastructure in Developing CountriesSpring 2007

1.89Environmental MicrobiologyFall 2004

1.963Environmental Engineering Applications of Geographic Information SystemsFall 2004

1.963Globalization of the Engineering and Construction IndustryFall 2006

1.963A Sustainable Transportation Plan for MITSpring 2007

1.964Design for SustainabilityFall 2006

1.978From Nano to Macro: Introduction to Atomistic Modeling TechniquesJanuary (IAP) 2007

Teknik sipil adalah salah satu cabang ilmu teknik yang mempelajari tentang bagaimana merancang, membangun, merenovasi tidak hanya gedung dan infrastruktur, tetapi juga mencakup lingkungan untuk kemaslahatan hidup manusia.

Teknik sipil mempunyai ruang lingkup yang luas, di dalamnya pengetahuan matematika, fisika, kimia, biologi, geologi, lingkungan hingga komputer mempunyai peranannya masing-masing. Teknik sipil dikembangkan sejalan dengan tingkat kebutuhan manusia dan pergerakannya, hingga bisa dikatakan ilmu ini bisa merubah sebuah hutan menjadi kota besar.

Daftar isi

Cabang-cabang ilmu teknik sipil

  • Struktural: Cabang yang mempelajari masalah struktural dari materi yang digunakan untuk pembangunan. Sebuah bentuk bangunan mungkin dibuat dari beberapa pilihan jenis material seperti baja, beton, kayu, kaca atau bahan lainnya. Setiap bahan tersebut mempunyai karakteristik masing-masing. Ilmu bidang struktural mempelajari sifat-sifat material itu sehingga pada akhirnya dapat dipilih material mana yang cocok untuk jenis bangunan tersebut. Dalam bidang ini dipelajari lebih mendalam hal yang berkaitan dengan perencanaan struktur bangunan, jalan, jembatan, terowongan dari pembangunan pondasi hingga bangunan siap digunakan.
  • Geoteknik: Cabang yang mempelajari struktur dan sifat berbagai macam tanah dalam menopang suatu bangunan yang akan berdiri di atasnya. Cakupannya dapat berupa investigasi lapangan yang merupakan penyelidikan keadaan-keadaan tanah suatu daerah dan diperkuat dengan penyelidikan laboratorium.
  • Manajemen Konstruksi: Cabang yang mempelajari masalah dalam proyek konstruksi yang berkaitan dengan ekonomi, penjadwalan pekerjaan, pengembalian modal, biaya proyek, semua hal yang berkaitan dengan hukum dan perizinan bangunan hingga pengorganisasian pekerjaan di lapangan sehingga diharapkan bangunan tersebut selesai tepat waktu.
  • Hidrologi: Cabang yang mempelajari air, distribusi, pengendalian dan permasalahannya. Mencakup bidang ini antara lain cabang ilmu hidrologi air (berkenaan dengan cuaca, curah hujan, debit air sebuah sungai dsb), hidrolika (sifat material air, tekanan air, gaya dorong air dsb) dan bangunan air seperti pelabuhan, dam, irigasi, waduk/bendungan, kanal.
  • Teknik Lingkungan: Cabang yang mempelajari permasalahan-permasalahan dan isu lingkungan. Mencakup bidang ini antara lain penyediaan sarana dan prasarana air besih, pengelolaan limbah dan air kotor, pencemaran sungai, polusi suara dan udara hingga teknik penyehatan.
  • Transportasi: Cabang yang mempelajari mengenai sistem transportasi dalam perencanaan dan pelaksanaannya. Mencakup bidang ini antara lain konstruksi dan pengaturan jalan raya, konstruksi bandar udara, terminal, stasiun dan manajemennya.
  • Informatika Teknik Sipil: Cabang baru yang mempelajari penerapan Komputer untuk perhitungan/pemodelan sebuah sistem dalam proyek Pembangunan atau Penelitian. Mencakup bidang ini antara lain dicontohkan berupa pemodelan Struktur Bangunan (Struktural dari Materi atau CAD), pemodelan pergerakan air tanah atau limbah, pemodelan lingkungan dengan Teknologi GIS (Geographic information system).

Keluasan cabang dari teknik sipil ini membuatnya sangat fleksibel di dalam dunia kerja. Profesi yang didapat dari seorang ahli bidang ini antara lain: perancangan/pelaksana pembangunan/pemeliharaan prasarana jalan, jembatan, terowongan, gedung, bandar udara, lalu lintas (darat, laut, udara), sistem jaringan kanal, drainase, irigasi, perumahan, gedung, minimalisasi kerugian gempa, perlindungan lingkungan, penyediaan air bersih, konsep finansial dari proyek, manajemen projek dsb. Semua aspek kehidupan tercangkup dalam muatan ilmu teknik sipil.

Perbedaan dari arsitek, terletak pada posisi ahli teknik sipil dalam sebuah proyek. Arsitek menyumbangkan rancangan, ide, kemungkinan pelaksanaan pembangunan di atas kertas. Hasil rancangan tersebut diserahkan selanjutnya kepada staf ahli bidang teknik sipil untuk pelaksanaan pembangunan. Tahapan ini, ahli teknik sipil melakukan perbaikan/saran dari pelaksanaan perencanaan, koordinasi dalam proyek, mengamati jalannya proyek agar sesuai dengan perencanaan. Selain itu, ahli teknik sipil juga membangun konsep finansial dan manajemen proyek atas hal-hal yang mempengaruhi jalannya proyek.

Ahli teknik sipil tidak hanya berurusan dengan pembangunan sebuah proyek bangunan, tetapi di bidang lain seperti yang berkaitan dengan informatika, memungkinkan untuk memodelisasi sebuah bentuk dengan bantuan program CAD, pemodelan kerusakan akibat gempa, banjir. Hal ini sangat penting di negara maju sebagai tolak ukur kelayakan pembangunan sebuah bangunan vital yang mempunyai resiko dapat menelan korban banyak manusia seperti reaktor nuklir atau bendungan, jika terjadi kegagalan perencanaan teknis. Rancangan bangunan tersebut biasanya dimodelkan dalam komputer dengan diberikan faktor-faktor ancaman bangunan tersebut seperti gempa dan keruntuhan struktur material. Peran ahli teknik sipil juga masih berlaku walaupun fase pembangunan sebuah gedung telah selesai, seperti terletak pada pemeliharaan fasilitas gedung tersebut.




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